The fear of unexpected threats can be taken care of by knowledge of proper, practical and productive use of hands, hearts and heads constituting real education and not the so-called literacy programs which are insufficient and inefficient. Today, most of the challenges before international organizations and national governments are caused by problem of population.
To increase public awareness on various population issues such as the importance of family planning for family welfare and development including gender equality, poverty, maternal health and human development, we need to observe the day with commitment to control the population which causes various ills around the world.
The United Nations authorized the event as a vehicle to build awareness of population issues and the impact they have on development and the environment.
Medical advances and public health measures have led to much lower infant mortality and much greater longevity. Industrialisation and technology have enabled the earth’s resources to be exploited with greater efficiency.
Also, the problems of overpopulation like: food problems, malnutrition, famine, disease, fall in per capita income, inadequate agricultural production, poor standard of living and above all unemployment.
BUT… our poor Earth cannot sustain even our present population. Already the average citizen of the planet consumes its renewable resources at a rate of about one-and-a-half times the rate they can be replaced.
Beside just resource availability their is a lack of good infrastructure and good economy system among most nations
All the above factors contribute to problems that lead to hard life of a citizen of this planet.
Already some areas of the world face serious water shortages; we see the result of drought and famine daily on our television screens. I read an article in newspaper yesterday that by 2025, according to the UN, two-thirds of the world’s people will be living in water-stressed countries. China, the US and other rich countries are already buying up vast tracts of the developing world so that they can produce food for their own use rather than giving locals the opportunity to use the land to feed themselves.
Oil, copper, and other minerals, formed over hundreds of millions of years by infinitesimally slow geological processes, are being consumed as if there is no tomorrow. Carbon emissions, climate change, damage to the environment, over consumption of dwindling food and fresh water stocks and a burgeoning human population, are all linked.
life on earth is carbon based, and so we consume carbon and give out carbon and a lot of carbon goes to waste too. still the most important environmental decision we each should take in our lives is how many consumers we produce, for the next generation. In other words, how many children we have.
There are several voluntary organisations who are trying to tackle this problem of over-population – not, as some would have you believe by coercive means, but by getting this message out to those who are in a position to decide how many children to have – two maximum, one, or none are the recommended figures, and to leave child-bearing later rather than earlier.
In India their is no strict rule like china that has one child policy but I have came across many couple who decide to have one or two children but that is just sometimes how much they think they should have so that they can raise them with good food in the available budget. Some people go up to 3 or even more kids sometimes, just because they are seeking a male child among(in Indian society(ideology) it male child is the one who carries forward a generation and not the female child).
In a Malthusian sense, the overpopulation is a kind of situation that exists in India because its population is increasing more rapidly than its supply of food. The rate of growth of population is greater than the rate of growth of food production.
Asia accounts for over 60 percent of the world’s population with more than 4 billion people. China and India together have about 37 percent of the world's population. Africa follows with 1 billion people, 15 percent of the world's population while Europe's 733 million people make up 11 percent. Latin America and the Caribbean region are home to 589 million (9 percent), Northern America is to 352 million (5 percent) and Oceania to 35 million (0.5 percent).
Indian Census 2011 is the 15th census (the first was in 1872) which was conducted on March 1.
The population of India is 1.2 billion which is the second largest in the world after China (1.3 billion). India accounts for approximately 19 percent of the world’s population whereas it has only 3 percent of the total global geographical area. The density of population of an area shows concentration of population in that area. The density of population of India has increased from 325 in 2001 to 385 in 2011. The proportion of children in the age group 0-6 to total population in India is 13 percent.
The measures for population control are necessary but not sufficient. Overemphasis on female participation and a soft approach toward males is not in good taste. To make it sufficient, there is an urgent need of sex education among all with a rhythmic method of population control which is the duty of the parents to tell their children for all times to come. It possesses the potential to do wonders. There is a strong case for making, bearing and rearing a child costly. We need to adopt a suitable pricing policy for birth, death, marriage and pregnancy registration which can act as source of financing the family welfare program (FWP) in a big way.
The program deserves to be given the status of basic infrastructural activity for making it a human resource development activity in the strict sense.
To humanize and harmonize the society, we need to remove built-in inequalities rooted in the caste system. . To be ready to reduce risks of overpopulation, we need to recruit, retrain in relationships, the human resources with retention and respect in family welfare programs.